Diagnostics: Alternative EKG Leads

Diagnostics: Alternative EKG Leads

Ever have a patient that looks more concerning than their EKG? Perhaps their ischemia is in that anatomically difficult to access right ventricle or even posterior. Join Dr. Connelly in looking at the utility of right sided, posterior and Lewis leads and bring something new to your next chest pain patient.

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The CBC and the Man Behind the Curtain

The CBC and the Man Behind the Curtain

It’s been called “the refuge of the intellectually destitute (physician)” by Amal Muttu. The CBC is a much maligned test that is nevertheless one of the the most frequently ordered diagnostic tests in the ED. To truly know how to interpret this test, one must understand its individual components, the possible causes of variations from normal for those components, and how it integrates into the clinical presentation of the patient. Also, it can’t help but to know and understand some of the historical background…

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Diagnostic Questions of the HEART

Diagnostic Questions of the HEART

Chest pain is a part of our everyday practice, as has become utilization of the HEART score. Successfully weathering a storm of validation, it is incumbent upon us to know the data and variability to its use in the ED. This week Dr. Hunt will take us through the diagnostic view on the HEART score and the data behind it.

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Back to Basics: Pelvic XRays

Back to Basics: Pelvic XRays

Pelvic Xrays are a key component of trauma, fractures and dislocations seen every day in the ED, but when is the last time you went back over the anatomy and radiographic tips and tricks of the pelvic radiograph? Join Dr. Mand's thorough break down of this commonly used ED diagnostic - the Pelvic XR.

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Grand Rounds Recap 2.7.18

Grand Rounds Recap 2.7.18

This week Dr. Carleton kicked off a lecture series on the pediatric airway by discussing some anatomic and physiologic challenges as well as predictors of difficulty. In the latest installment of our Global Health lecture series, Dr. Lagasse gave us a great review on the unique uses of point of care ultrasound in a resource limited setting. Our R1 Diagnostics curriculum was continue by Dr. Gleimer who discussed the use of PFTs in the ED setting and Drs. Ham & Wright finished things up with an altered mental status CPC presentation. 

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Interpretation of Thyroid Studies in the Emergency Department

Interpretation of Thyroid Studies in the Emergency Department

Thyroid studies, often lying in the depths of any medical student differential, are an important tool in the Emergency Physician's toolkit, and knowing what to order when is a key part of using them wisely. This week, Dr. Makinen gives us a breakdown of thyroid pathology and testing.

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Hyperlactatemia in Critical Illness: History, Mechanisms, and the “Great Debate"

Hyperlactatemia in Critical Illness: History, Mechanisms, and the “Great Debate"

Since the turn of the century, lactate has become a mainstay in emergency medicine and critical care laboratories. Some clinicians may hate it, others may love it, but very few can feign apathy on the subject. The utility of lactate in the emergency department and the ICU in guiding resuscitations, predicting mortality, or identifying occult critical illness continues to be discussed in the literature, most fervently in the realm of sepsis. But what are the humble beginnings of this molecule? Most fundamentally, how is lactate generated in the setting of critical illness? And how did it come to be so firmly embedded in our understanding of the pathophysiology of critically ill patients?

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Soft Tissue Neck Radiographs - Are They Useful?

Soft Tissue Neck Radiographs - Are They Useful?

In March 2015, Dr. Renne did a Grand Rounds lecture on soft tissue neck radiographs, which offers a great review of normal anatomy and systematic approach to reading films (“CHESS”). Yet, in my small, informal (not scientific at all) poll of some of our residents, none had ever ordered a soft tissue neck film. Are soft tissue neck radiographs useful? You be the judge. 

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Liver Function Tests Decoded

Liver Function Tests Decoded

If the chief complaint of your patient is abdominal pain, altered mental status, overdose, generalized weakness chances are you at least considered ordering a hepatic panel. In fact, studies show that the hepatic panel is the third most common laboratory test ordered in the emergency department only behind the CBC and renal panel. If emergency medicine physicians are so quick to order this test, it is important to also know how to interpret all the little red arrows that often accompany your results. For this we will review each component and even (wait for it) … a little biochemistry!

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Back to the Basics: Demystifying the UA

Back to the Basics: Demystifying the UA

Amongst the various diagnostic studies that can be obtained in the ED, urinalysis is a virtually ubiquitous test. Urine itself reflects the functioning of the human body in both health and disease and the values it comprises can give us information regarding a myriad of conditions from infections, metabolic or endocrine derangements, and toxidromes to neoplastic processes and pregnancy. Despite this, many of the elements of even the standard urinalysis are often overlooked and underappreciated. In this talk we will explore some of these values and hopefully gain a renewed respect for the “golden cup of answers” and all that it may reveal.

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