A Weakness in the HEART?

A Weakness in the HEART?

In this month’s Journal Club Recap we take a look at some recently published literature about common heart related complaints in the ED. First, we look at the now nearly ubiquitously used HEART pathway. In a US population, do the benefits of decreased health care utilization sustain themselves to a year out of an index visit? Then we turn our attention to atrial fibrillation with RVR. Does the utility infielder of ED medications, Magnesium, actually help with more rapid rate control? And, should the results of a consensus panel sway us to treat A fib with RVR as an outpatient?

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STEMI and STEMI Equivalents, i.e. Who Needs the Cath Lab Now!

STEMI and STEMI Equivalents, i.e. Who Needs the Cath Lab Now!

1. The ACC/AHA Criteria (1) (2) 

ST-elevation in 2 contiguous leads that is:

  • Men < 40: 2.5 mm ST-elevation in V2 or V3, 1 mm in any other lead

  • Men > 40: 2.0 mm ST-elevation in V2 or V3, 1 mm in any other lead

  • Women: >1.5 mm ST-elevation in V2 or V3, 1 mm in any other lead

STEMI's have a 90-minute door-to-balloon time mandate from the Center for Medicare Services (CMS). To be good stewards of our resources we need to be familiar the false positive STEMI patterns.  Ultimately, however, some degree of over triage and activation for false positives is expected and (potentially even) desirable.

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Annals of B-Pod: #lessonslearned

Annals of B-Pod: #lessonslearned

Beware! Aortic Dissection

#lessonslearned is a case series submitted by former senior residents describing B-pod cases that taught them the art of medicine

Case 1

A male in his 30s with a past medical history significant for hypertension presented via EMS with pain all over, anxiety and shortness of breath. The EMTs reported that he had smoked marijuana about 30 minutes before his presentation from his normal supply. At the scene he was noted to be very agitated, diaphoretic and vocal about his pain. He was yelling that he was hurting all over, he was having trouble breathing, and that he wanted to be sedated. He states that he has never had problems like this.

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