Ventricular dysrhythmias are commonly caused by coronary ischemia which is most frequently caused by acute coronary artery occlusions in the setting of coronary artery disease. It would seem somewhat logical that patients who suffer a V fib or V Tach cardiac arrest would benefit from a trip to the cardiac catheterization lab to identify and treat these possible acute coronary artery occlusions. Patient’s with EKGs showing ST-elevations following ROSC already go to the Cath lab. Since the EKG is not terrifically sensitive for MI, should V fib V Tach cardiac arrest patients without ST-elevations make a trip to the Cath lab? In this breakdown of our most recent journal club we look at several papers covering this topic. In the podcast below we also talk with Justin Benoit, MD the site PI for the ongoing ACCESS trial which is also looking into this question.Read More
Simulation with Dr. Hill
Case 1: 45 yo male comes to the ED after being found down at the mall s/p defib x2 for a V fib arrest per EMS with a King Airway in place and undergoing active CPR. In the ED you achieve ROSC after defib x1 for Vfib and then PEA with multiple arounds of epinephrine. EKG shows inferior STEMI.
Case 2: EMS calls with advanced noticed for GI bleed presents tachycardic and hypotensive, actively bleeding with melanotic stool and hematemesis.Read More
Morbidity and Mortality Learning Points with Dr. Stull
1. Should Post-ROSC patients get cardiac cath?
- Cardiac arrest patients who have STEMI on EKG after ROSC tend to have good outcomes (overall survival and intact neurologic survival) if they get cath'ed.
- According to latest Australian study (all patients with ROSC from OHCA, not STEMI) OR for overall survival is 2.77 and OR 2.2 for good neurologic outcome
- VT/VF cardiac arrest patients who do not have a STEMI on EKG: improved survival and likelihood of good neurologic outcomes if cath'ed within 24 hours.
- Our cardiology department wants all post-ROSC VF/VT patients to have cath lab activation. All other post-ROSC cases, call cardiology to discuss need for cath lab
- All post-ROSC STEMI should go to cath lab no matter what their neuro status is