This week started with a discussion on how we can improve our documentation to maximize our level V billing. This was followed by a summary of practice changing literature over the last year, a discussion on how we deal with failure in the clinical setting, and a guide to the approach of the agitated pediatric patient. Finally, we broke into small groups to learn about ENT emergencies.Read More
Health Care Disparities with Dr. Ford
There is a well established distrust of the medical system by minorities, especially African Americans. The historic causes of this distrust are widespread and seen in nearly all stages of American Healthcare. A great resource is Medical Apartheid by Harriet Washington. Some key examples of the use of AA in medical advances:
1800s: Slaves referred to as "clinical material" in medical schools and journal publications. Slave bought and used for experiments and experimental surgeries including the first successful vesicovaginal fistula repair (caused by forcep deliveries) which was done without anesthesia.
1900-1930: "malaria therapy" with fatal falciparum used to try and treat syphilis. Tuskeegee experiments- subjects recruited under false pretense of "free testing and medical treatment" for syphilis experiment with no intention to treat despite PCN being widely available. "The future of the negro lies in the research laboratory..." Patients were offered a free burial when they died from the disease so that an autopsy may be performed. "as I see it, we have no further interest in these patients until they die..."Read More
CPC with Dr. Boyer vs. Dr. Steuerwald
16yoF with 4 days of bilateral lower quadrant abdominal pain and diarrhea that was tachy, dry, and with a diffusely tender abdomen and some right-sided discomfort on pelvic exam with a mild leukocytosis.
Dr. Steuerwald's approach to listening to patient presentations: Pick out the main symptoms, get a time course, and listen for any other true "weirdness" then build your own timeline of events.
- Don't forget about the "sexy numbers" in everyone, these include the vitals and also key aspects of a disease process (i.e. the EF in a patient with CHF)
- DDx included appendicitis, PID, TOA, Fitz-Hugh Curtis, Ovarian Torsion, Yersinia enterocolitis
- Dr. Steuerwald correctly identified the need to get a RLQ US to assess for appendicitis!
Management of the GI bleed (a review of the Cochrane Reviews):
- PPI drips have been shown to decrease the rate of rebleed in patients with known peoptic ulcers. It has not been shown to decrease mortality, hospital stay, transfusion need. It also has not been shown to be beneficial in the undifferentiated upper GI bleed and may have a trend toward harm.
- Octreotide doesn't improve mortality but on average decreased transfusion requirement by 1/2u product.
- Antibiotic coverage (treating for gut translocation with ceftriaxone) has been shown to have lowered mortality from infection and all-cause mortality.
- Prophylactic intubation: 2 retrospective chart reviews came up with contrasting results on mortality outcome after intubating for prophylactic reasons (patient was protecting their airway).
Like many other Emergency Medicine residencies, we took the time in our last Journal Club to break down the Targeted Temperature Management Article. There is tons out there in the #FOAMed space about this trial. And, one of our 4th year residents, Dr. Trent Wray, took some extra time to break down the article in gory detail and put it into the context of the previously published literature.Read More
Evidence Based Clinical Practice (EBCP) is a way to bring the sometimes obtuse world of evidence based medicine to the bedside. Instead of getting lost in p-values, ANOVA, student t-tests, multivariate logistic regressions, EBCP approaches evidence based medicine always through the lens of a patient under a clinician's care. It is a process that starts with asking carefully crafted questions and efficiently searching for answers to those questions. Subsequent analysis of the articles found in the clinician's searching seeks to answer: are the results valid? what are the results? and finally, how can one apply the results to patient care?
In this short video, we go through the crucial initial step of the process: asking a question. Success in asking answerable, well crafted questions begets successful search strategies.Read More